Finches - A Guide
Finches are passerine birds and are predominantly seed eating song birds. Finches are mostly native to the Southern Hemisphere however there are finches found in other areas around the world. The Chaffinch for example is a finch that is common in Europe. This article will give you some information on finches.
The classical true finches range in size from 9.5cm to 23cm. They have strong and stubby beaks and in some species of finch the beak can be quite large. True finches have 12 remiges and 9 primary rectrices.
You will find that the basic colour of a finch’s plumage is brown and green; some finches have a lot of black. White markings are usually absent on finches except for wing bars or other signalling marks. Bright yellow and bright red are common to see in the finch family of birds. Finches also have strong sexual dichromatism which means the female finches usually lack the bright coloured markings of the males.
Finches usually live in wooded areas but you can also find finches on mountains or even in the desert. Finches are usually granivorous but they can also eat arthropods and berries as part of their diet in the wild.
Finches have a bouncing style flight which consists of alternate bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings. Most finches sing extremely well and a lot of finches are commonly seen cage birds such as the domesticated Canary.
Finch nests are basket shaped and they usually build them in trees, between rocks and occasionally in bushes.
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